Nowadays, the most popular and broadly used cutting processes include mechanical cutting and laser cutting as well as milling. These processes perform the same task, but they are dissimilar in terms of equipment, production capabilities, and price. Each method has its own pros and cons.
1. Mechanical Cutting Process and Its Equipment
The mechanical cutting uses energy-driven equipment to shape the material along with a predefined design. Lathes, drill presses, and milling are the most common machines used in the mechanical cutting process.
The lather is a metallurgical machine that uses a computer controlled engine to spin the material. To prepare the desired shape, hardened cutting blades are used to eliminate needless cloth.
A drill press is driven by an induction motor and screwed to the floor or mounted on a table. It consists of a drill head, an axle, a table, a pillar as well as a base. The cylindrical holes are prepared in the workpiece using a drill that is lowered and raised by a three-pronged handle.
A milling machine is familiar with making the desired cuts; it has a moveable table that has the workpiece fond of it together with a stationary cutting tool. The instructions that are needed to move the board and make the desired cut are provided physically or through a computer. The four main categories of the milling machine are Omniversal, universal, flat milling and manual milling.
2. Laser Cutting Process and Its Procedure
Currently, laser cutting is the new and most competent way to cut material. Use the power emission device to do the work. To create the necessary cuts, a high concentration of photon fluxes is generally used. These currents are subject to the area where the basic cut will be made. The fact that these lasers are controlled by a computer eliminates the possibility of error. There are two different types of laser cutters: CO2 laser cutter and ND YAG laser cutter. Click here.
Mechanical Cutting vs. Laser Cutting
Because of the fact that laser cutting both cuts the material and applies a finish to a product, it can simply be said that laser cutting is a more agile process compared to its alternative mechanical cutting process. The possibilities of accidental markings or contamination in laser cutting are very low since there is no direct contact between the laser device and the material. In addition, laser cutting produces a smaller area affected by heat, which reduces the risk of deformation and wraps the material at the cutting site.
On the other hand, laser cutting can be a very expensive and multifaceted manufacturing method. However, mechanical methods are very profitable and can be simply incorporated into manufacturing services. Different laser equipment requires a powerful power source; mechanics require less energy and do not consume power as quickly as laser equipment. Laser devices are typically tangential equipment and are costly. Machines such as lenses, zinc selenide, and gold mirror generate an extra expense; however, they are essential for the laser cutting process.
When choosing between laser cutting and mechanical cutting, it is very important to keep in mind that these methods are not exclusive to each other. Choosing between one depends on your priority, save costs as well as energy or reduce the chances of deforming and damaging the given material.